Four-Year Colleges Admissions and Tuition 2022
A typical 4-year college program is an undergraduate degree program. Upon completion of the program, graduates are awarded a bachelor’s degree in a specific area of study. This bachelor’s degree prepares students for a profession, graduate study, or both.
A 4-year college awards two types of bachelor’s degrees: Bachelor of Arts (B.A) which is awarded to students who major in the area of arts and humanities including history, philosophy, English, and other art-related faculties and departments. The Bachelor of Science (B.S) is awarded to students who complete a program in science, technology, and business. Some 4-year colleges are, however, liberal arts schools and thus, an award only B.A-degrees in all majors including in science.
During a program in a 4-year college, students are required to choose a major halfway into their degree studies. A major refers to a specific subject area that a student wishes to specialize in. Colleges offer their students a wide range of majors in the field of sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities, commercial arts, and other disciplines to choose from.
Participating in research projects or internships is dependent solely on the major a student opts for.
Although there are 3-year, 2-year, and 1-year colleges that offer baccalaureate, associate’s degrees, and associate degrees respectively, most students still prefer to study at a 4-year college. In the same vein, students who have obtained either a baccalaureate, associate’s degree, or associate degree still in most cases proceed to acquire a bachelor’s degree from a 4-year college.
Benefits of Attending a 4-year College
The fact that even students who have other degrees other than a bachelor’s degree still aspire to acquire one raises a sixty-four thousand dollar question: “What are the benefits of a 4-year college degree?”
The benefits of a 4-year college degree are inexhaustible. We will, however, highlight a few.
Increased Access To Job Opportunities
Statistics have it that one in every three adults have a bachelor’s degree. The ripple effect of this is that employers of labor now require intending employees to have acquired a bachelor’s degree as their minimum educational qualification. By being a bachelor’s degree holder, you have access to 57% more job opportunities than other degree program graduates and non-graduates alike. Likewise, already existing jobs are more accessible to bachelor’s degree holders. While print, mass, and social media are agog with advert placements of jobs that the lowest requirement is a bachelor’s degree, a very low percentage of jobs that require a high school diploma or any other certification is advertised thereby making it difficult for aspiring employees to connect with prospective employers.
Preparation For a Specialized Career
Students who attend 4-year colleges spend the duration of their program learning all there is to know about a particular discipline. Although not all degrees offer a direct route to a particular career, a good number of them, however, are created with a career path in mind. For instance, a graduate with an educational or education-related degree will most likely become a teacher. In the same way, people who acquire health degrees already have specific jobs waiting for them upon completion of their programs. Research projects and internships that college undergraduates embark upon also give them hands-on experience in a specific career.
Increased Earning Potential
Because some students have to take out loans to fund their college program, paying them more than other employees with lesser degrees is fair. The Bureau of Labour Statistics gives the salary for various education levels as follows:
- Employees without a high school diploma earn an average of $520 per week or an annual $27,040
- Employees with high school diplomas earn an average of $712 weekly or $37,024 annually
- Associate degree holders earn an average of $836 per week or an annual $43,472
- Bachelor’s degree holders earn an average of $1,173 every week and an annual income of $60,996.
Going by the above statistics, bachelor’s degree holders earn $17,500 more than associate degree holders and a whopping $25,000 more than high school graduates.
In the course of your study at a 4-year college, you have availed yourself the opportunity of connecting to a lifelong network of colleagues, advisors, professors, and mentors. Throughout your career, this network may at some point open doors for you. It is an open secret that human capital is a major flex in the competitive labor market.
Top 4-year Colleges in the United States
Now that you know the benefits of a 4-year college degree, let’s find out the top tier of elite 4-year colleges in the United States.
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology
The MIT as it is called for short is a private non-profit land-grant university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Consequent to the key role MIT has played in the development of modern science and technology since its inception in 1861, the institution is ranked among the top academic institutions in the world all over.
Stanford University which is officially Leland Stanford Junior University is a private research institution located in Stanford, California, near Palo Alto. Stanford University is a memorial in honor of Leland Stanford Jr. who passed at the age of 15. Over the years, the institution has become one of the elite schools in the United States. It has among its alumni Nobel laureates, Turing Award laureates, Fields Medalists, Fulbright scholars, Rhodes scholars, Marshall scholars, and members of the United States Congress. The institution is particularly reputed for its entrepreneurship. Thus, it comes as no surprise that amongst its alumni are CEOs of numerous companies.
Harvard needs no introduction. Considering its status as ivy league, it naturally follows that it should be among the top-tier schools in the world. Harvard which is a private research institution in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Harvard College. Asides from being one of the most prestigious, it is also the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Harvard graduates are highly sorted after. There are certain companies and establishments especially Law firms that hire only Harvard graduates.
Yale is yet another ivy league school located in New Haven, Connecticut. It is a private research institution that was founded in 1701 and thus, is the third-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. As the Collegiate School at inception, its curriculum was restricted to theology and sacred languages. By the time of the American Revolution, the school’s curriculum had expanded to include humanities and sciences. By the mid 19th century, the school had fully incorporated graduate and professional instruction into its curriculum. Yale has many renowned individuals amongst its alumni.
Princeton is yet another ivy league university. It is a private research institution located in Princeton, New Jersey. It was founded in 1746 as the College of New Jersey. It is the fourth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Upon inception, it was located at Elizabeth. It moved to Newark in 1747, and its current location nine years later. The institution lives up to its ivy league status by maintaining an excellent academic record as well as an equally excellent athletic record.
We hope we were able to answer all the questions you might have had before now about 4-year colleges.